After Russia invaded Ukraine, Ukraine asked Internet governing groups to separate Russia from the Internet. These bodies, including the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), refused. the two main backbone internet providers, Lumen Technologies And Cogent indicated that they would sever Russia’s Internet ties. However his actions speak louder than his words. internet analysis company thousandeyes has shown that internet connectivity is the backbone of Russia pretty much stays the same as ever,
In other words, Russia is not disconnected from the net.
Russia is also trying to establish its own alternative to the Domain Name System (DNS). It is the universal address system of the Internet. Russia is also trying to create its own TLS Certificate Authority (CA), These certificates are necessary to ensure a secure connection between web browsers and sites. Russian companies and agencies, however, can no longer renew CAs from Western countries. However, the rub is that CA certificates must be trusted for this to work. And the only web browsers to recognize these new CA certificates as trustworthy are Russia’s Yandex Browser and Atom products. Good luck getting these to work with Chrome, Firefox or Edge.
But, as far as the actual major Internet connections of Russia are concerned, they are still working fine. According to ThousandEyes, “While Russia continues to have connections to the rest of the world through these important networks, major Russian ISPs, such as JSC Rostelecom, continue to peer with global transit providers outside Russia, as they have seen in recent events.” As a result, the Russian people continue to have access to the global Internet – at least at the infrastructure level.”
This does not mean that Russian Internet sites have not been affected by Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. they have been.
But, Russian sites remain largely the same as they remain in the West when attacked: using content delivery networks (CDNs) such as Cloudflare and Akamai.
These CDN companies continue to operate in Russia, as Cloudflare CEO Matthew Prince wrote, “Russia needs more internet access, not less… we have seen a dramatic increase in worldwide media requests from Russian networks, reflecting the desire of ordinary Russian citizens to see world news beyond those provided within Russia.”
Russian sites are also protecting themselves from attacks ISP traffic blackholing, As the name suggests, it works by routing potentially malicious network traffic into a “black hole”.
If you’re trying to access a Russian site outside of Russia, you’re more likely to have problems connecting. Within Russia, working with Russian websites continues pretty much in general.
But, despite what has been said, backbone connectivity is still up and working for the Russians’ million-ruble problem of connecting to the outside world. This is because Cogent and Lucent, along with many other global transit providers, such as TeliaNet and Telstra, continue to peer with major Russian Internet Service Providers (ISPs) through transit points outside Russia.
That said, ThousandEyes reported, “Just because network connectivity persists between Russia and the rest of the world, as is the case with China, does not mean that the Internet experienced by Russian users is a mirror of the rest of the world.” – or that users outside Russia have unfiltered access to websites displayed from inside Russia.” The Russian government ultimately controls what most Russian citizens see and do not see on the net. In effect, it is creating a virtual Internet prison.