Recalled experiences surrounding death: More than hallucinations? Global scientific team publishes consensus statement and new guidelines

20. scientific progress inth and 21scheduled tribe There has been a great development in the understanding of death over the centuries. Also, for decades, people who have survived encounters with death have recalled unexplained lucid episodes involving heightened consciousness and awareness. These are reported using the popular – yet scientifically undefined – term “near-death experiences”.

A multidisciplinary team of national and international leaders led by Sam Parnia, MD, PhD, director of critical care and resuscitation research at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine, published “Guidelines and Standards for the Study of Death and Experiences of Remembrance of Death” have done. A multi-disciplinary consensus statement and proposed future directions Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.This study, which examined the scientific evidence accumulated to date, represents the first, peer-reviewed consensus statement for the scientific study of remembered experiences around death.

Researchers in the study represent many medical disciplines, including neuroscience, critical care, psychiatry, psychology, the social sciences and the humanities, and many of the world’s most respected academic institutions, including Harvard University, Baylor University, University of California Riverside, University of California, and Harvard University. represent. Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Wisconsin, and the Universities of Southampton and London.

In their conclusions:

  1. Due to advances in resuscitation and critical care medicine, many people have survived death or encounters with near death, These people – estimated to include hundreds of millions of people worldwide based on previous population studies – have consistently described experiences around death, including a unique set of psychic memories with universal themes.
  2. According to several previously published studies, remembered experiences surrounding death are not consistent with hallucinogenic, delusional or psychedelic drug-induced experiences. Instead, they follow a specific narrative arc that involves a notion of: (a) detachment from the body, with a vast sense of consciousness and recognition of death; (b) traveling to a destination; (c) a meaningful and objective review of life, including a critical analysis of all actions, intentions and thoughts towards others; (d) the perception of being in a place that feels like “home” and (e) a return to life.
  3. The experience of death results in previously unknown, distinct subdisciplines and is associated with positive long-term psychological change and development.
  4. Studies showing the emergence of gamma activity and electrical spikes—usually indicating heightened states of consciousness on electroencephalography (EEG)—in relation to death, support the claims of millions of people who reported increased clarity and increased consciousness regarding death. Consciousness is experienced. ,
  5. Frightening or disturbing experiences in relation to death often share neither the same themes nor the same narrative, outstanding qualities, inefficiencies, and positive transformative effects.

“Cardiac arrest is not a heart attack, but represents the final stage of a disease or event that causes a person’s death,” explains lead author Pernia. “The advent of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) showed us that death is not an absolute condition, rather, it is a process that can potentially be reversed in some people even after it has begun.

“What has enabled the scientific study of death,” he adds, “is that brain cells are not irreversibly damaged within minutes of oxygen deprivation when the heart stops. Instead, They ‘die’ over the course of hours. This is allowing scientists to objectively study the physical and mental events that occur in relation to death.”

So far, the researchers say, the evidence suggests that neither physical nor cognitive processes end with death, and although systematic studies have not fully proven the reality or meaning of claims of awareness regarding patients’ experiences and death. are not able to, it has been impossible to deny them.

“Few studies have explored what happens when we die in an objective and scientific manner, but these findings provide interesting insights into how consciousness exists in humans and may pave the way for further research.” We do.”

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